most important medical exams

Medical tests: Which ones are most important? How often should I be tested?

One of the questions medical doctors are asked most is some variation of this: "How often should I be checked for high blood pressure?" -- or bone density or colorectal cancer, or any of several other standard health tests. You name the type of screening, and chances are that many people are unsure how often to have these important tests.

SHOP Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Vitamins & Nutritional Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

Regular check-ups are very important. If you're overdue for an annual physical, why not make an appointment today? The chart on this page will give you a quick, handy reference you can discuss with your healthcare provider. Remember: you and your health are unique, so use this guide as a starting point. And be sure to ask if any other tests are needed, based on your age, as well as your health history and that of family members.

Each test is designed to see a problem in its earliest stages. This is a good thing! Catching problems early avoids the damage advanced disease can do to your health.

An even better solution is identifying a needed lifestyle change early enough to avoid a problem altogether. For instance, if you have high blood pressure, your condition probably did not appear overnight. High blood pressure may be officially diagnosed when the top number (systolic) reaches 140, but damage is occurring when the number exceeds 132. And this is a far cry from the "ideal" number of 115. So, you should strive for 115, not just a number below 140.

Another example is LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol. This is the "bad" or "lethal" cholesterol. Some laboratories report that this value is "high" when it exceeds 130. Unfortunately, the reality is that damage is occurring when your level is above 110. And the worldwide average of LDL cholesterol is 70! Many countries with the lowest levels are not plagued with heart disease and Alzheimer's as we are. So 70 becomes your ideal measurement goal.

One last example of a disease that may "sneak up on you" is diabetes. Most labs report that you have diabetes if your blood sugar (glucose) is above 125. Endocrinologists recognize that damage is occurring when your sugar reaches 110. And the median number for blood sugar in healthy people is around 85. People with a fasting glucose that is 5 points higher or lower than 85 are likely having symptoms of disturbed blood sugar.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure so early detection is your best solution to effectively treating a potentially life-threatening diagnosis. Add years to your life and life to your years by getting a checkup today!

Blood Pressure Checks At least every two years, if normal
Cholesterol Test Checked at least once, then regularly as determined by your healthcare provider and depending upon family history
Homocysteine Test Checked at least once, then regularly as determined by your healthcare provider
Physical Exam Every three years from age 20-39, every two years from age 40-49, and annually after age 50
Diabetes Screening During physical exam, or annually if at high risk for diabetes
Bone Density Test (for osteoporosis) At-risk patients should begin scans at age 40, at menopause or as directed by healthcare provider
Pap Smears For women every 1-3 years
Mammograms For healthy women every 1-2 years after age 40; if concerned see your healthcare provider immediately
PSA Blood Test Annually after age 50; if at high risk or African American, annually after age 40
Colorectal Cancer Screening Regular screening for men and women at age 50 or if at high risk (family history of colorectal cancer or diagnosis of ulcerative colitis). This test may include sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy, rectal exam and a fecal occult blood test.

Source: VitaJournal Special Edition. Dr. Scott Conrad, M.D., Founder of TienaHealth Medical Group

Healthy Aging Tips...

Chocolate lovers, rejoice: you may have a healthier heart

Perth, Australia - Heart problems may be less likely in older women who eat chocolate, say researchers in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

chocolate and heart healthScientists followed 1,216 women over the age of 70 for 10 years. They found that those who ate chocolate at least once a week (one serving was equal to the amount of cocoa in one cup of hot cocoa) were 35% less likely to be hospitalized or die from heart disease and 60% less likely to be hospitalized or die from heart failure than those who ate less than one serving per week.

They found that the women who ate chocolate daily and those who ate it weekly experienced comparable heart health benefits. However, more research is needed to explain the study results.

preventing foot problems

Salt Lake City Tips for healthy living...

Keep your feet healthy by avoiding these common foot care pitfalls

Have you checked your feet lately? Those unsung heroes of the human body can take a beating over a lifetime: Every mile you walk puts 200,000 to 300,000 pounds of stress on your feet. And by the time you're 50, you've probably walked about 75,000 miles. Disease, bad circulation, poorly-trimmed toenails and wearing shoes that don't fit can also take a toll on your tootsies.

Common foot care mistakes
Keep your feet healthy by avoiding these foot care mistakes:

  • Ignoring your feet -- Inspect your feet regularly. Look for any discoloration on your skin and nails, cuts, cracks, peeling or scaling. Also, do not ignore any foot pain or growths on your feet; both of these conditions are not normal. Foot problems are sometimes the first sign of more serious conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, and nerve or circulatory disorders. If you develop a sore on your foot that does not heal, experience persistent foot pain or find any growths, consult your healthcare provider.
  • Wearing shoes that don't fit -- Wearing shoes that don't fit can result in blisters, corns, calluses, bunions, ingrown toenails, tendinitis, hammertoes and other conditions. Always have your feet measured before buying new shoes as your shoe size may change as you age. The best time to have them measured is at the end of the day.
  • Putting on the same shoes every day -- Alternate the shoes you wear as well as your socks and hosiery. Allowing shoes to air out can help protect against athlete's foot, a fungus that can cause dry skin, redness, blisters, itching and peeling. Switching out your shoes can also help with foot odor.
  • Trimming toenails incorrectly -- Poorly trimmed toenails can lead to ingrown toenails. Cut toenails straight across so the corner of the nail can be seen above the skin. Be sure to use clippers that are specifically for toenails.
  • Going barefoot -- Walking without shoes can expose you to injury or infection. It can also expose you to the virus that causes plantar warts, typically on the soles of your feet. In addition to being unsightly, plantar warts can be painful and spread.
  • Standing for long periods of time -- Standing for too long can cause spurs, bony bumps that grow on foot bones, and swollen feet and ankles.

By taking care of your feet, you can keep these most valuable assets healthy for years to come!

Low Prices on Best Selling VITAMINS &


A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health

02/21/2024 01:57 PM
Single-payer healthcare is a 'tough, tough sell' as California faces massive budget shortfall

California Assembly Speaker Robert Rivas says he likes the idea of a state-run single-payer healthcare system, but isn't convinced the state can afford it.

02/21/2024 10:29 AM
These viral L.A. 'head spas' will show you what's been hiding in your scalp (Ew!)

Head spas that offer Chinese scalp treatments are all the rage. We underwent an up-close analysis and deep cleaning to check it out.

02/19/2024 06:00 AM
'It's a lot of UFO stuff and a lot of healing': Inside L.A.'s wackiest spiritual convention

For 22 years, the Conscious Life Expo has been a meetinghouse for astrologers, channelers, aura readers, quantum life coaches, psychics, hypnotists and "starseeds" — people who believe they are galactic volunteers that have taken on a human form to help "the children of Gaia."

02/16/2024 06:30 AM
Opinion: Troubled youth? Contrary to stereotypes, much of Gen Z is doing just fine

Perceptions of younger generations as broadly suffering from mental health problems are exaggerated and potentially harmful.

02/15/2024 02:00 PM
Could a single synthetic molecule outsmart a variety of drug-resistant bacteria?

Scientists have created a synthetic molecule that appears capable of attacking a broad range of bacteria that have become dangerously resistant to workhorse medicines.

02/14/2024 06:00 AM
New eligibility rules mean nearly 2 million on Medi-Cal can now save for a rainy day

Nearly 2 million Medi-Cal enrollees can now accumulate savings and property without limitations and still qualify for the state's health insurance program for low-income residents.

02/14/2024 06:00 AM
Opinion: That ambulance racing through L.A. traffic may not be going to a life-or-death emergency

Emergency medical services in California and across the U.S. have grown rapidly to fill gaps in nonemergency care. It's expensive, ineffective and unsustainable.

NYT > Health
NYT > Health

02/21/2024 07:49 PM
Alabama Rules Frozen Embryos Are Children, Raising Questions About Fertility Care
The ruling raises worrisome legal issues for would-be parents far beyond Alabama whose hopes for children may depend on in vitro fertilization.
02/21/2024 05:04 AM
Study of Patients With a Chronic Fatigue Condition May Offer Clues to Long Covid
N.I.H. researchers found notable differences between the immune systems and other physiological functions of patients with ME/CFS and those of healthy patients.
02/21/2024 05:30 PM
War and Illness Could Kill 85,000 Gazans in 6 Months
Even under the most optimistic scenario, an immediate cease-fire, an additional 6,500 Gazans could perish, scientists estimated.
02/18/2024 05:04 AM
Old and Young, Talking Again
A society in which members of different generations do not interact “is a dangerous experiment,” said one researcher.
02/16/2024 05:51 PM
More Young People Are on Multiple Psychiatric Drugs, Study Finds
Polypharmacy, a prescribing practice that some experts warn can be unsafe, is becoming more commonplace.
02/15/2024 05:37 PM
CooperSurgical’s Botched IVF Liquid Destroyed Embryos, Lawsuits Claim
Patients have filed eight lawsuits against CooperSurgical, a major fertility company, which has recalled the faulty product.
02/15/2024 11:21 AM
A Columbia Surgeon’s Study Was Pulled. He Kept Publishing Flawed Data.
The quiet withdrawal of a 2021 cancer study by Dr. Sam Yoon highlights scientific publishers’ lack of transparency around data problems.
02/14/2024 05:45 PM
Could Your Cat Give You the Plague?
Human cases are rare in the United States, but in some Western areas cats that hunt rodents can become infected — and even pass on the disease to their owners.
NPR Topics: Health
NPR Topics: Health
02/21/2024 06:11 PM
A hospital is suing a quadriplegic 18-year-old to make her go to a nursing home
A young North Carolina woman has refused to go to a nursing home in another state. While she wants to leave the hospital, she asks to live in her own home, close to family and her school.
02/21/2024 05:26 PM
An ambitious NIH study has brought new attention to chronic fatigue syndrome
Long COVID has brought new attention to how complex chronic illnesses can develop in the aftermath of a viral infection. Prior research may help forward clinical trials to test possible treatments.
02/21/2024 05:13 PM
University of Alabama in Birmingham pauses IVF procedures due to embryo ruling
The University of Alabama at Birmingham health system said it is pausing in vitro fertilization procedures after the state Supreme court ruled that frozen embryos have the same rights as children.
02/21/2024 02:36 PM
Humanitarian crises abound. Why is the U.N. asking for less aid money than last year?
"This is the first time that this has happened in recent years," said Martin Griffiths of the United Nations. about the reduced ask. Why in a time of greater need is the U.N. lowering its appeal?
02/21/2024 01:14 PM
E-bike head trauma soars as helmet use falls, study finds
A new study shows that nearly 8,000 e-bike riders sought hospital care for head injuries in 2022. It's a huge increase and the majority of the injured riders were not wearing helmets.
02/21/2024 11:03 AM
How Alabama's ruling that frozen embryos are 'children' could impact IVF
Frozen embryos are people and you can be held legally responsible if you destroy them, according to the Alabama Supreme Court. The decision could have wide-ranging implications for IVF clinics.
02/21/2024 07:16 AM
Alabama's largest hospital says it is halting IVF treatments in wake of court ruling
Fertility clinics in Alabama are contemplating next steps after the state Supreme Court ruled that frozen fertilized eggs are children — and discarding them would be a crime.
02/21/2024 05:08 AM
Some GOP lawmakers in the South may be open to expanding Medicaid coverage
More Southern states are talking about expanding Medicaid to cover low-income residents. They've resisted the option for a decade, but are now running into competition for healthy workers.
Copyright 2024 All rights reserved. rss Subscribe to our RSS
Information provided here should not be relied on to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition, disease or illness. Please consult with your physician or health care professional for guidance on any health concern. is a commercial website and is not affiliated with any government agency, university, or private medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: This site may be compensated for products promoted here. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.