most important medical exams

Medical tests: Which ones are most important? How often should I be tested?

One of the questions medical doctors are asked most is some variation of this: "How often should I be checked for high blood pressure?" -- or bone density or colorectal cancer, or any of several other standard health tests. You name the type of screening, and chances are that many people are unsure how often to have these important tests.

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Regular check-ups are very important. If you're overdue for an annual physical, why not make an appointment today? The chart on this page will give you a quick, handy reference you can discuss with your healthcare provider. Remember: you and your health are unique, so use this guide as a starting point. And be sure to ask if any other tests are needed, based on your age, as well as your health history and that of family members.

Each test is designed to see a problem in its earliest stages. This is a good thing! Catching problems early avoids the damage advanced disease can do to your health.

An even better solution is identifying a needed lifestyle change early enough to avoid a problem altogether. For instance, if you have high blood pressure, your condition probably did not appear overnight. High blood pressure may be officially diagnosed when the top number (systolic) reaches 140, but damage is occurring when the number exceeds 132. And this is a far cry from the "ideal" number of 115. So, you should strive for 115, not just a number below 140.

Another example is LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol. This is the "bad" or "lethal" cholesterol. Some laboratories report that this value is "high" when it exceeds 130. Unfortunately, the reality is that damage is occurring when your level is above 110. And the worldwide average of LDL cholesterol is 70! Many countries with the lowest levels are not plagued with heart disease and Alzheimer's as we are. So 70 becomes your ideal measurement goal.

One last example of a disease that may "sneak up on you" is diabetes. Most labs report that you have diabetes if your blood sugar (glucose) is above 125. Endocrinologists recognize that damage is occurring when your sugar reaches 110. And the median number for blood sugar in healthy people is around 85. People with a fasting glucose that is 5 points higher or lower than 85 are likely having symptoms of disturbed blood sugar.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure so early detection is your best solution to effectively treating a potentially life-threatening diagnosis. Add years to your life and life to your years by getting a checkup today!

Blood Pressure Checks At least every two years, if normal
Cholesterol Test Checked at least once, then regularly as determined by your healthcare provider and depending upon family history
Homocysteine Test Checked at least once, then regularly as determined by your healthcare provider
Physical Exam Every three years from age 20-39, every two years from age 40-49, and annually after age 50
Diabetes Screening During physical exam, or annually if at high risk for diabetes
Bone Density Test (for osteoporosis) At-risk patients should begin scans at age 40, at menopause or as directed by healthcare provider
Pap Smears For women every 1-3 years
Mammograms For healthy women every 1-2 years after age 40; if concerned see your healthcare provider immediately
PSA Blood Test Annually after age 50; if at high risk or African American, annually after age 40
Colorectal Cancer Screening Regular screening for men and women at age 50 or if at high risk (family history of colorectal cancer or diagnosis of ulcerative colitis). This test may include sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy, rectal exam and a fecal occult blood test.

Source: VitaJournal Special Edition. Dr. Scott Conrad, M.D., Founder of TienaHealth Medical Group


Healthy Aging Tips...

Chocolate lovers, rejoice: you may have a healthier heart

Perth, Australia - Heart problems may be less likely in older women who eat chocolate, say researchers in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

chocolate and heart healthScientists followed 1,216 women over the age of 70 for 10 years. They found that those who ate chocolate at least once a week (one serving was equal to the amount of cocoa in one cup of hot cocoa) were 35% less likely to be hospitalized or die from heart disease and 60% less likely to be hospitalized or die from heart failure than those who ate less than one serving per week.

They found that the women who ate chocolate daily and those who ate it weekly experienced comparable heart health benefits. However, more research is needed to explain the study results.


preventing foot problems

Salt Lake City Tips for healthy living...

Keep your feet healthy by avoiding these common foot care pitfalls

Have you checked your feet lately? Those unsung heroes of the human body can take a beating over a lifetime: Every mile you walk puts 200,000 to 300,000 pounds of stress on your feet. And by the time you're 50, you've probably walked about 75,000 miles. Disease, bad circulation, poorly-trimmed toenails and wearing shoes that don't fit can also take a toll on your tootsies.

Common foot care mistakes
Keep your feet healthy by avoiding these foot care mistakes:

  • Ignoring your feet -- Inspect your feet regularly. Look for any discoloration on your skin and nails, cuts, cracks, peeling or scaling. Also, do not ignore any foot pain or growths on your feet; both of these conditions are not normal. Foot problems are sometimes the first sign of more serious conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, and nerve or circulatory disorders. If you develop a sore on your foot that does not heal, experience persistent foot pain or find any growths, consult your healthcare provider.
  • Wearing shoes that don't fit -- Wearing shoes that don't fit can result in blisters, corns, calluses, bunions, ingrown toenails, tendinitis, hammertoes and other conditions. Always have your feet measured before buying new shoes as your shoe size may change as you age. The best time to have them measured is at the end of the day.
  • Putting on the same shoes every day -- Alternate the shoes you wear as well as your socks and hosiery. Allowing shoes to air out can help protect against athlete's foot, a fungus that can cause dry skin, redness, blisters, itching and peeling. Switching out your shoes can also help with foot odor.
  • Trimming toenails incorrectly -- Poorly trimmed toenails can lead to ingrown toenails. Cut toenails straight across so the corner of the nail can be seen above the skin. Be sure to use clippers that are specifically for toenails.
  • Going barefoot -- Walking without shoes can expose you to injury or infection. It can also expose you to the virus that causes plantar warts, typically on the soles of your feet. In addition to being unsightly, plantar warts can be painful and spread.
  • Standing for long periods of time -- Standing for too long can cause spurs, bony bumps that grow on foot bones, and swollen feet and ankles.

By taking care of your feet, you can keep these most valuable assets healthy for years to come!

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A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
L.A. Times - Health
L.A. Times - Health

12/09/2022 08:00 AM
As flu surges, L.A. faces shortages of kids' medications. Stockpiling can make it worse

With COVID-19, flu and RSV cases rising, drugmakers and retailers say soaring demand is leading to empty shelves.


12/08/2022 06:56 PM
'A huge burden': L.A. hospitals strained by COVID surge, very bad flu season

California is simultaneously contending with a spike in coronavirus transmission, an early onslaught of RSV and a strong start to the flu season.


12/08/2022 04:38 PM
L.A. County hits high COVID-19 community level, but mask mandate far from certain

Should hospitalization rates continue to rise this month, the county could be on track for a renewed universal mask order in indoor public settings. But that's not assured.


12/08/2022 08:00 AM
Will you mask up again? A January mandate looms for L.A. if COVID-19 wave worsens

With coronavirus cases surging and hospitalizations worsening, Los Angeles County is again facing the possibility of a renewed public indoor mask mandate.


12/07/2022 06:29 PM
Experimental decoy drug tricks coronavirus, then destroys it

An experimental decoy drug that's designed to lure the coronavirus away from cells is being readied for tests in humans.


12/07/2022 01:39 PM
Dangerous weeks ahead in L.A. County as coronavirus suddenly surges. Here is why

Cases and hospitalizations are climbing rapidly, raising the possibility of a renewed public indoor mask mandate.


12/07/2022 12:51 PM
Column: Rescinding the military's COVID vaccine rule is the Democrats' dumbest compromise in the lame-duck session

The COVID vaccine saves lives and makes our armed forces stronger, so why did Democrats give up on the mandate?


NYT > Health
NYT > Health

12/08/2022 05:04 PM
The Covid Pandemic’s Hidden Casualties: Pregnant Women
Many expectant women have avoided vaccination, unaware that the virus poses great risks to both fetus and mother.
12/08/2022 03:49 PM
Lasik Patients Should Be Warned of Complications, FDA Draft Says
Draft recommendations by the agency describe dry eyes, visual disturbances and other side effects of the procedure. Surgeons say the benefits are being ignored.
12/07/2022 11:59 AM
Global Partners May End Broad Covid Vaccination Effort in Developing Countries
The board of Gavi, the international vaccine agency, meets Wednesday to debate shutting down the program, known as Covax, amid swiftly waning demand for the shots.
12/06/2022 10:11 PM
Juul Agrees to Settle Thousands of Vaping Lawsuits
The deal is the latest in the company’s efforts to resolve litigation over its marketing of products that some contend fueled the teenage vaping crisis.
12/06/2022 04:58 PM
FDA Report Faults Agency’s Food Unit for Leaderless Dysfunction
Spurred by the infant formula crisis, a panel found that the agency shied away from tough decisions, sometimes fearing confrontations with industry over enforcement of critical public health issues.
12/07/2022 05:00 PM
Who Will Care for ‘Kinless’ Seniors?
Nearly one million Americans have no immediate family members to provide assistance if needed. The number is expected to grow.
12/06/2022 03:00 AM
Covid Care Has Entered a New Stage of Crisis for the Uninsured
As federal funding for the pandemic response dries up, Americans without health insurance risk being left footing the bill for coronavirus tests and treatments.
12/01/2022 11:35 AM
Elon Musk Hopes to Test a Brain Implant in Humans Next Year
The tech multibillionaire said his company, Neuralink, was seeking government approval to test his device in people, and predicted it could happen in six months. Others have been conducting similar tests for years, but no device has been marketed commercially.
Health : NPR
Health : NPR
Health
12/09/2022 08:25 AM
Why vaccine hesitancy persists in China — and what they're doing about it
The reluctance of many citizens — especially the elderly — to get vaccinated is a problem for a government facing intense pressure to roll back strict COVID policies.
12/09/2022 05:00 AM
Because of Wisconsin's abortion ban, one mother gave up trying for another child
Kristen Petranek has a history of miscarriages – and she has diabetes, which makes pregnancy risky. She fears that if something goes wrong, her state's law may inhibit doctors from helping her.
12/09/2022 05:00 AM
After a cancer diagnosis, he put his life on pause and moved in with his parents
William Cummings moved back home with his parents after college didn't work out the first time. After he was diagnosed with cancer, his parents became his caregivers.
12/09/2022 05:00 AM
Ukrainian doctors train for live-saving surgery in the U.S.
Ukrainian doctors are getting a crash course in lung transplants here in the U.S. Patients usually leave Ukraine for the surgery, but the war has increased the need for care back home.
12/08/2022 02:14 PM
The FDA clears updated COVID-19 vaccines for kids under age 5
The decision aims to better protect the littlest kids amid an uptick in COVID-19 cases around the country. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is expected to sign off soon.
12/08/2022 06:00 AM
Is lecanemab the Alzheimer's drug that will finally make a difference?
The experimental drug lecanemab was able to slow down Alzheimer's in a large study. Many researchers think the drug will become the first to help large numbers of patients.
12/08/2022 05:02 AM
Surges in flu, RSV and COVID threaten the holidays
Dr. Preeti Malani of the University of Michigan speaks to NPR about the surge of seasonal respiratory viruses, COVID and flu during the holidays.
12/07/2022 04:37 PM
CDC Director Rochelle Walensky advises on the 'tripledemic'
NPR's Ailsa Chang speaks with Center for Disease Prevention and Control Director Rochelle Walensky about the "tripledemic."
 
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