most important medical exams

Medical tests: Which ones are most important? How often should I be tested?

One of the questions medical doctors are asked most is some variation of this: "How often should I be checked for high blood pressure?" -- or bone density or colorectal cancer, or any of several other standard health tests. You name the type of screening, and chances are that many people are unsure how often to have these important tests.

SHOP Amazon's Top 100* Best Selling Vitamins & Nutritional Supplements
+ Free Shipping & Returns on Eligible Items.
(*Amazon's Top 100 list updated hourly.)

Regular check-ups are very important. If you're overdue for an annual physical, why not make an appointment today? The chart on this page will give you a quick, handy reference you can discuss with your healthcare provider. Remember: you and your health are unique, so use this guide as a starting point. And be sure to ask if any other tests are needed, based on your age, as well as your health history and that of family members.

Each test is designed to see a problem in its earliest stages. This is a good thing! Catching problems early avoids the damage advanced disease can do to your health.

An even better solution is identifying a needed lifestyle change early enough to avoid a problem altogether. For instance, if you have high blood pressure, your condition probably did not appear overnight. High blood pressure may be officially diagnosed when the top number (systolic) reaches 140, but damage is occurring when the number exceeds 132. And this is a far cry from the "ideal" number of 115. So, you should strive for 115, not just a number below 140.

Another example is LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol. This is the "bad" or "lethal" cholesterol. Some laboratories report that this value is "high" when it exceeds 130. Unfortunately, the reality is that damage is occurring when your level is above 110. And the worldwide average of LDL cholesterol is 70! Many countries with the lowest levels are not plagued with heart disease and Alzheimer's as we are. So 70 becomes your ideal measurement goal.

One last example of a disease that may "sneak up on you" is diabetes. Most labs report that you have diabetes if your blood sugar (glucose) is above 125. Endocrinologists recognize that damage is occurring when your sugar reaches 110. And the median number for blood sugar in healthy people is around 85. People with a fasting glucose that is 5 points higher or lower than 85 are likely having symptoms of disturbed blood sugar.

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure so early detection is your best solution to effectively treating a potentially life-threatening diagnosis. Add years to your life and life to your years by getting a checkup today!

Blood Pressure Checks At least every two years, if normal
Cholesterol Test Checked at least once, then regularly as determined by your healthcare provider and depending upon family history
Homocysteine Test Checked at least once, then regularly as determined by your healthcare provider
Physical Exam Every three years from age 20-39, every two years from age 40-49, and annually after age 50
Diabetes Screening During physical exam, or annually if at high risk for diabetes
Bone Density Test (for osteoporosis) At-risk patients should begin scans at age 40, at menopause or as directed by healthcare provider
Pap Smears For women every 1-3 years
Mammograms For healthy women every 1-2 years after age 40; if concerned see your healthcare provider immediately
PSA Blood Test Annually after age 50; if at high risk or African American, annually after age 40
Colorectal Cancer Screening Regular screening for men and women at age 50 or if at high risk (family history of colorectal cancer or diagnosis of ulcerative colitis). This test may include sigmoidoscopy,colonoscopy, rectal exam and a fecal occult blood test.

Source: VitaJournal Special Edition. Dr. Scott Conrad, M.D., Founder of TienaHealth Medical Group

Healthy Aging Tips...

Chocolate lovers, rejoice: you may have a healthier heart

Perth, Australia - Heart problems may be less likely in older women who eat chocolate, say researchers in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

chocolate and heart healthScientists followed 1,216 women over the age of 70 for 10 years. They found that those who ate chocolate at least once a week (one serving was equal to the amount of cocoa in one cup of hot cocoa) were 35% less likely to be hospitalized or die from heart disease and 60% less likely to be hospitalized or die from heart failure than those who ate less than one serving per week.

They found that the women who ate chocolate daily and those who ate it weekly experienced comparable heart health benefits. However, more research is needed to explain the study results.

preventing foot problems

Salt Lake City Tips for healthy living...

Keep your feet healthy by avoiding these common foot care pitfalls

Have you checked your feet lately? Those unsung heroes of the human body can take a beating over a lifetime: Every mile you walk puts 200,000 to 300,000 pounds of stress on your feet. And by the time you're 50, you've probably walked about 75,000 miles. Disease, bad circulation, poorly-trimmed toenails and wearing shoes that don't fit can also take a toll on your tootsies.

Common foot care mistakes
Keep your feet healthy by avoiding these foot care mistakes:

  • Ignoring your feet -- Inspect your feet regularly. Look for any discoloration on your skin and nails, cuts, cracks, peeling or scaling. Also, do not ignore any foot pain or growths on your feet; both of these conditions are not normal. Foot problems are sometimes the first sign of more serious conditions such as diabetes, arthritis, and nerve or circulatory disorders. If you develop a sore on your foot that does not heal, experience persistent foot pain or find any growths, consult your healthcare provider.
  • Wearing shoes that don't fit -- Wearing shoes that don't fit can result in blisters, corns, calluses, bunions, ingrown toenails, tendinitis, hammertoes and other conditions. Always have your feet measured before buying new shoes as your shoe size may change as you age. The best time to have them measured is at the end of the day.
  • Putting on the same shoes every day -- Alternate the shoes you wear as well as your socks and hosiery. Allowing shoes to air out can help protect against athlete's foot, a fungus that can cause dry skin, redness, blisters, itching and peeling. Switching out your shoes can also help with foot odor.
  • Trimming toenails incorrectly -- Poorly trimmed toenails can lead to ingrown toenails. Cut toenails straight across so the corner of the nail can be seen above the skin. Be sure to use clippers that are specifically for toenails.
  • Going barefoot -- Walking without shoes can expose you to injury or infection. It can also expose you to the virus that causes plantar warts, typically on the soles of your feet. In addition to being unsightly, plantar warts can be painful and spread.
  • Standing for long periods of time -- Standing for too long can cause spurs, bony bumps that grow on foot bones, and swollen feet and ankles.

By taking care of your feet, you can keep these most valuable assets healthy for years to come!

Low Prices on Best Selling VITAMINS &


A Sampling of Today's Health News Headlines
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
BBC News - Health
11/09/2018 06:13 AM
'Remarkable' decline in fertility rates
Half of the world's countries now have too few babies being born to maintain their populations.
11/07/2018 08:00 PM
Smoking, diabetes increase heart attack risk more in women
High blood pressure, smoking and diabetes increase heart attack risk more in women, a study has found.
11/09/2018 03:01 AM
Conjoined twins: Bhutanese girls separated in six-hour surgery
The 15-month-old girls from Bhutan are "doing very well", Australian surgeons say.
11/05/2018 12:08 PM
Suicides among Japanese young people hit 30-year high
The country's education ministry says 250 children took their own lives this year.
11/05/2018 07:33 PM
‘Morning people’ have lower breast cancer risk
Body clocks affect sleep, mood and general health - now researchers say they may also indicate cancer risks.
11/04/2018 07:03 PM
Firework packaging should show graphic injuries, doctors say
Plastic surgeons are responding to a doubling in the number of firework injuries since 2010.
11/06/2018 07:12 AM
Children's screen time has little effect on sleep, says study
An Oxford University study suggests worries about screen time causing a lack of sleep are overblown.
11/03/2018 08:00 PM
Glowing chemical 'could aid brain cancer surgery'
A chemical that makes brain tumours glow could help surgeons safely remove brain cancer, a study suggests.
11/05/2018 08:22 AM
Paris ambulances' 'snail' protest brings city roads to a stop
Hundreds of ambulances switch on their lights and sirens in a go-slow protest on Monday morning.
11/05/2018 09:49 AM
NHS prevention plan aims to boost healthy life expectancy
Look after yourself better, says the health secretary, as he sets out his new vision for the NHS in England. - RSS Channel - Health - RSS Channel - Health delivers up-to-the-minute news and information on the latest top stories, weather, entertainment, politics and more.
11/09/2018 03:03 PM
FDA plans to launch new restrictions on e-cigarette flavors
Taking on epidemic levels of teen e-cigarette use, the US Food and Drug Administration is expected to announce new restrictions on the sale of e-cigarette products.

11/09/2018 04:45 AM
Global fertility has 'come down tremendously'
The world's total fertility rate has been cut in half since 1950, but the population is still rising, according to a study published Wednesday in The Lancet.

11/09/2018 08:37 PM
Doctors share gun stories, demand action after NRA tells them to 'stay in their lane'
Two signs of the times: another mass shooting and more Twitter outrage. This time, though, the barbs over social media came from the medical community in response to a tweet from the National Rifle Association.

11/08/2018 01:02 PM
Gun deaths increasing after years of decreases
Gun deaths become much more commonplace, according to the CDC. Between 2015-2016, 27,394 people were murdered by someone with a gun in the US and 44,955 used a gun to kill themselves.

11/07/2018 06:30 PM
Trump administration weakens Obamacare birth control coverage mandate
The Trump administration issued two final rules on Wednesday providing employers more flexibility with exemptions to deny women insurance coverage for birth control.

11/07/2018 03:41 PM
Health concerns drive voters to back Medicaid, weed and trans rights
Voters in 37 states had more than candidates to choose Tuesday. There were more than 150 statewide measures on ballots this midterm election and several involved health-related issues ranging from the taxes on feminine hygiene products to Medicaid expansion, to abortion access, and legalizing the recreational and medicinal use of marijuana. Based on the preliminary vote results, here's what some voters went for and what they rejected.

11/07/2018 05:25 PM
Two states passed abortion amendments to their constitutions. What does that mean?
A battle over abortion bills in the United States played out in Alabama, West Virginia and Oregon voting booths Tuesday, signaling a sign of what may come if Roe v. Wade is overturned.

11/07/2018 02:54 PM
The environmental ballot measures that midterm voters backed or rejected
Among the more than 150 statewide measures on ballots in Tuesday's midterm election were several related to climate change and the environment.

11/05/2018 05:09 PM
Mother's booklet for son with autism: 'Voting is really important. Here's how to do it.'
But had Nathaniel Batchelder in a state where laws place tighter voting restrictions based on "mental competence," he might not have been able to cast his ballot at all.

11/09/2018 04:22 AM
Which alcoholic beverages are more diet-friendly?
I often tell people to steer clear of alcoholic beverages when trying to lose weight. After all, they don't exactly provide nutritious calories, and consuming them can make it increasingly more challenging to lose weight. But that doesn't stop people from asking me, "what is the best drink to have on a diet?"

All Mayo Clinic health information topics
All Mayo Clinic health information topics
Mayo Clinic offers award-winning medical and health information and tools for healthy living.
11/10/2018 12:00 AM
Prenatal care: 1st trimester visits

11/10/2018 12:00 AM
Prenatal care: 2nd trimester visits

11/09/2018 12:00 AM
Statins: Are these cholesterol-lowering drugs right for you?

11/07/2018 12:00 AM
Video: HSG test for female infertility

11/07/2018 12:00 AM
Carbohydrate-loading diet

11/06/2018 12:00 AM
Prostate cancer prevention: Ways to reduce your risk

11/06/2018 12:00 AM
Alcohol: Weighing risks and potential benefits

Drinking alcohol might offer some health benefits. But that's only if you drink responsibly and in moderation.

11/06/2018 12:00 AM
Allergies and asthma: They often occur together

11/03/2018 12:00 AM
Monoclonal antibody drugs for cancer: How they work

11/03/2018 12:00 AM
Mouth sores caused by cancer treatment: How to cope

11/03/2018 12:00 AM
Cancer treatment decisions: 5 steps to help you decide
Your doctor wants you to be involved in decisions about your cancer treatment. Follow these five steps to help you choose a treatment.
Copyright 2018 All rights reserved. rss Subscribe to our RSS
Information provided here should not be relied on to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition, disease or illness. Please consult with your physician or health care professional for guidance on any health concern. is a commercial website and is not affiliated with any government agency, university, or private medical center. COMPENSATION DISCLOSURE: This site may be compensated for products promoted here. Read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.